had routine medical check up, scan shows fibroids
in my uterus!”
“I am married since five years, No Issues! I
have fibroids in my uterus. I scared to undergo surgery
Uterine growths are tissue enlargements of the uterus.
Uterine growths can be caused by either harmless, benign
growths. Fibroids are very common growth seen in uterus,
Polyps also very common found in cervix and endometrium.
Adenomyosis and endometriosis are rare, but the occurrence
is seen more now a days.
Fibroids are non-cancerous
growths in the uterus, are rarely life threatening.
They can cause a variety of symptoms or no symptoms
at all. Fibroids are composed primarily of muscle cells
that grow as a single lump or cluster of lumps within
the uterine wall. Fibroids range in size from less than
one inch in diameter to the size of a grapefruit.
Fibroids are classified in three ways, depending
on their location:
These grow just under the uterine lining into the uterine
cavity. They can cause bleeding, pain and infertility.
This most common type of fibroid grows in between the
muscles of the uterine wall. These fibroids usually
cause pressure-type symptoms and less often, heavy menstruation.
fibroids grow from the uterine wall to the outside of
the uterus. They can push on other organs, such as the
bladder, bowel or intestine, causing abdominal bloating,
pressure, cramps or pain. Some fibroids grow on "stalks"
sticking out from the uterus or into the uterine cavity.
Fibroids are most common among women between ages 30
and 40 and women with a family history of fibroids.
Being overweight raises your risk slightly. Some studies
suggest that Estrogen is known to influence fibroid
Most fibroids produce no symptoms. If fibroids trigger
symptoms- generally because of their size, number or
location-they can cause longer and heavier menstrual
bleeding, pelvic discomfort and pain, pressure on other
organs, miscarriages and infertility. Having fibroids
also increases your risk of complications during pregnancy.
When the innermost lining of the uterus grows into the
wall of the uterus, the condition is called adenomyosis.
Normally, when the endometrium is shed off during a
menstrual period, the blood is free to drain out through
the cervix. When the lining goes into the muscle, some
of the blood may be trapped. When this is extended it
may cause severe cramps and heavy bleeding. This can
cause the walls of the uterus to thicken and the uterus
to become enlarged. Often an enlarged uterus with adenomyosis
is misdiagnosed as being fibroids.
Endometriosis is described as the presence of endometrial
tissue in locations outside the uterine cavity. It is
a misplaced tissue of the endometrium. Wherever it happens
to grow, this tissue behaves like the endometrium. When
hormones cue the endometrium to build up during the
menstrual cycle, the misplaced endometrial tissue does
the same thing. When hormones signal the time for menstruation,
the tissue bleeds. Unfortunately, when the blood can’t
exit from the body, internal bleeding starts and it
leads to pain and scarring.
Fibroids are confined
to the uterus like endometriosis to the endometrial
tissue and may grow inside the uterus as “Adenomyosis”
which is considered as sister of endometriosis. Endometriosis
is commonly found behind the uterus, the tissue between
the rectum and vagina, surface of the rectum, the fallopian
tubes and ovaries, the uterosacral ligaments, the bladder
and the pelvic sidewall.
Endometrial polyps are the growths in the lining of
the uterus that are very common and usually benign.
They usually hang from the lining of the uterus like
figs in, but at times can be rather flat. They also
occur at cervix. Polyps may result from long-term estrogen
usage, anovulatory menstruation or from taking estrogen
hormones without any progestrone.
General and gynaecologic health and
pelvic examination will give a clue to some extent.
Ultrasonography is needed for provisional diagnosis.
This is important to distinguish endometriosis from
other problems, such as ovarian cysts. Diagnosis of
endometriosis is only possible by the direct observation
of the misplaced endometrium with "chocolate cysts".
As endometrial tissue bleeds cycle after cycle, these
cysts are filled with dark blood and may eventually
develop to the size of a grapefruit. This requires a
laparoscopy. Where a fine telescope is inserted into
the abdominal cavity through a tiny incision to allow
inspection of the pelvic organs.
How to treat?
Fibroids need treatment
only if they cause problems. Because fibroids tend
to shrink after menopause, women in their late 40s
and early 50s with fibroid related symptoms may opt
to wait and see if the symptoms go away. Treatment
depends on the size of the fibroids, planning a pregnancy.
Many think that surgery is the only solution for uterine
Homoeopathy had clinically
proved that uterine growths could be remedied without
surgery. However the result depends upon individuality,
even larger fibroids had responded well. Endometriosis,
adenomyosis and polyps also clinically proved.
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